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What is direct and growth plan in mutual fund?

Mutual funds have emerged as popular investment vehicles, offering individuals the opportunity to participate in the financial markets and achieve their financial goals. Within the realm of mutual funds, investors often encounter terms such as “direct plan” and “growth plan,” which may seem confusing at first glance. In this article, we unravel the mysteries behind these terms, providing clarity on what direct and growth plans entail in the context of mutual fund investments.


Understanding Mutual Funds

Before delving into direct and growth plans, it’s essential to grasp the concept of mutual funds. A mutual fund is a professionally managed investment vehicle that pools money from multiple investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of securities, such as stocks, bonds, or a combination of both. Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who make investment decisions on behalf of investors, aiming to achieve the fund’s investment objectives and generate returns.


Mutual funds offer several benefits, including diversification, professional management, liquidity, and accessibility, making them suitable for investors with varying risk profiles and investment objectives. Investors can choose from a wide range of mutual funds, each catering to different investment strategies, asset classes, and risk levels.


Direct Plan vs. Regular Plan

In the context of mutual funds, direct plans and regular plans refer to different modes of investing in mutual funds. Let’s delve into each plan to understand their characteristics and differences:

Regular Plan: A regular plan of a mutual fund involves investing in the fund through a distributor or intermediary, such as a mutual fund distributor, financial advisor, or broker. In a regular plan, investors purchase mutual fund units through these intermediaries, who receive commissions or fees for their services. These commissions or fees, known as distributor commissions or trail commissions, are embedded in the expense ratio of the mutual fund and are borne by the investor.

Regular plans are suitable for investors who prefer to seek guidance or advice from financial professionals and are willing to pay for the services rendered by intermediaries. While regular plans provide access to professional advice and assistance, they may result in higher overall costs for investors due to the embedded commissions and fees.

Direct Plan: A direct plan of a mutual fund allows investors to invest directly with the mutual fund company, bypassing intermediaries such as distributors or advisors. In a direct plan, investors can purchase mutual fund units directly from the fund house or through online platforms provided by the fund house.

Direct plans are designed to offer investors a cost-effective way to invest in mutual funds, as they typically have lower expense ratios compared to regular plans. By eliminating distributor commissions and fees, direct plans enable investors to potentially earn higher returns over the long term, as more of their investment is allocated to the fund’s underlying assets.

Growth Plan in Mutual Funds

The term “growth plan” in mutual funds refers to a specific type of investment option offered by mutual fund schemes. A growth plan is characterized by the reinvestment of dividends or income earned from the mutual fund’s underlying investments back into the fund, rather than distributing them to investors as dividends or payouts.

In a growth plan, any dividends, interest income, or capital gains generated by the mutual fund are reinvested into the fund, increasing the number of units held by investors. As a result, the value of the investment grows over time, reflecting the appreciation in the value of the fund’s underlying assets.

Growth plans are ideal for investors seeking capital appreciation and long-term growth potential from their investments. By reinvesting dividends and income, investors can benefit from the power of compounding, where earnings are reinvested to generate additional earnings over time, leading to exponential growth in the value of their investment.

Direct Plan vs. Growth Plan: Understanding the Differences

It’s important to note that direct plans and growth plans are independent of each other and represent different aspects of mutual fund investments. While direct plans relate to the mode of investing in mutual funds, growth plans pertain to the investment option within mutual fund schemes.

Investors can choose to invest in either a direct plan or a regular plan of a mutual fund, depending on their preferences, investment objectives, and willingness to pay for advisory services. Similarly, within a mutual fund scheme, investors can opt for either a growth plan or a dividend plan, depending on their desired investment outcomes.

Benefits of Direct and Growth Plans

Both direct plans and growth plans offer several benefits to investors:

Cost Savings: Direct plans typically have lower expense ratios compared to regular plans, allowing investors to save on fees and expenses over the long term. Similarly, growth plans enable investors to benefit from the power of compounding, leading to higher returns over time.

Transparency: Direct plans offer greater transparency, as investors have direct access to information and performance metrics of the mutual fund without the influence of intermediaries. Growth plans also provide transparency, as investors can track the growth of their investments over time.

Flexibility: Direct plans offer flexibility in terms of investment decisions, allowing investors to manage their investments independently and make changes as needed. Similarly, growth plans provide flexibility by reinvesting earnings into the fund, enabling investors to benefit from long-term capital appreciation.


In conclusion, direct and growth plans are essential components of mutual fund investments, offering investors flexibility, transparency, and cost-effectiveness. While direct plans enable investors to invest directly with mutual fund companies, bypassing intermediaries and saving on fees, growth plans facilitate long-term capital appreciation by reinvesting dividends and income.

By understanding the characteristics and differences between direct and growth plans, investors can make informed decisions when selecting mutual funds that align with their investment objectives, risk tolerance, and financial goals. Whether opting for a direct plan or a growth plan, mutual funds remain a popular and accessible investment vehicle for individuals seeking to build wealth and achieve financial success over the long term.

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